The Difference Between CBD and Marijuana – Clearing Up the Confusion!

What is the difference between CBD and Marijuana?

difference between hemp and msrijuans

Cannabidiol (CBD Oil) is either taken orally or applied to the skin to aid a variety of symptoms. However, there is much confusion about what it is and the effects it has on the human body.

This means that there is a lot of debate about whether or not CBD Oil is legal.

CBD Oil IS LEGAL in all US States, the UK, Europe and many different countries. However, the quality of all the different brands varies.

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No 1 Difference Between CBD and Marijuana

They are grown from different varieties of the Cannabis plant

Hemp and Marijuana are varieties of the plant Cannabis Sativa. However, the two have distinct differences.

Marijuana farmers have bred Cannabis plants to purposely contain higher levels of THC compared to the Hemp Plant. THC is delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol. It is the best-known compound in cannabis.

In addition to THC, the Cannabis Plant is composed of more than 120 compounds. These are known as cannabinoids.

THC is the compound that causes a “high” when ingested into the body.

difference between cbd and marijuana

Hemp is the least processed variety of the cannabis plant. It contains lower levels of THC and higher levels of the CBD Oil than Marijuana.

However, although CBD Oil is used medicinally, it should be noted that CBD Oil is classed as a food NOT a drug. This is why articles on this site will always refer to servings and not doses!

difference between cbd and marijuana

 


Related Post: How to Take CBD Oil Drops and when to take them


 

No 2 Difference Between CBD and Marijuana

What is CBD Oil?

CBD oil is a cannabinoid derived from Hemp, a species of cannabis plant. However, it should be remembered that it is not the same as the variety of cannabis that produces Marijuana.

THC is broken down by heat – which is why it is smoked or baked in “cakes”. When introduced into the body it becomes psychoactive and mind-altering. This is the famous “high”.

However CBD is not at all psychoactive. This means it does not cause any mind altering effects or a “high”.

While not causing a “high”, CBD does appear to induce other changes in the body. There seems to be an increasing acceptance in the medical world that there are many health benefits to be had by using best quality CBD Oil.

However, many medical professionals are still sceptical. This, despite the increasing number of personal testimonies that note positive effects from the use of CBD Oil.

Researchers are increasingly looking at the potential therapeutic uses of CBD Oil to treat a variety of symptoms and conditions.

difference between hemp and marijuana

No 3 Difference Between CBD and Marijuana

How do CBD & THC work?

The human body (and that of other mammals) has an endocannabinoid system (ECS). Surprisingly, it seems that mammals have evolved to make use of the Cannabis Plant!

The ECS has receptors that receive and translate signals from cannabinoids. ECS also produces some cannabinoids of its own, which are called endocannabinoids.

This endocannabinoid system helps to regulate functions such as sleep, immune-system responses and pain.

Humans have two receptors for cannabinoids. These are called the CB1 and CB2 receptors.

(Interestingly, researchers are currently looking at whether there is, as yet, an undiscovered third receptor.)

While CB1 receptors are located all over the body, many are in the brain.

The CB1 receptors contained in the brain deal with many bodily functions including coordination, movement, pain, emotions, mood, thinking, appetite and memories.

When THC enters the body, it affects the endocannabinoid receptors of the brain, which is what produces a “high”.

THC is naturally attracted to these receptors. This activates the brain to produce pleasure chemicals such as dopamine, which is associated with a “high”.

CB2 receptors are more commonly found in the immune system. They affect inflammation and pain.

Modern research has shown that CBD does not attach directly to either the CB1 or CB2 receptors. Instead, CBD seems to trigger the body to produce more of its own cannabinoids.


Related Post: How to find Top Quality CBD Oil


 

Extract from:

CANNABIDIOL (CBD)
Pre-Review Report
Expert Committee on Drug Dependence
Thirty-ninth Meeting
Geneva, 6-10 November 2017 – Page 14

“While the number of studies is limited, the evidence from well controlled human experimental research indicates that CBD is not associated with abuse potential”

No 4 Difference Between CBD and Marijuana

Can CBD make you high?

NO! CBD CANNOT MAKE YOU HIGH!

CBD belongs to a class of molecules called phyto-cannabinoids. This means that it is the part of the Cannabis plant that keeps you healthy, not high!

Compared to THC, CBD is an entirely different compound. Its effects are very complex and is the subject of many research programmes as Scientists try to discover exactly how CBD works.

As we have already stated, CBD is not psychoactive. Neither does CBD alter the state of mind.

The Chemical Composition of THC and CBD

difference between hemp and marijuana

Extract from:

CANNABIDIOL (CBD)
Pre-Review Report
Expert Committee on Drug Dependence
Thirty-ninth Meeting
Geneva, 6-10 November 2017 – Page 5

“To date, there is no evidence of recreational use of CBD or any public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD”

No 5 Difference Between CBD and Marijuana

CBD influences the body to use the ECS more efficiently

CBD influences the body to use its own endocannabinoids more effectively and to produce even more endocannabinoids.

A study posted to Neurotherapeutics concluded that CBD actually does very little directly to the ECS. Instead, it acts as a trigger where the CBD either activates or inhibits other compounds present in the endocannabinoid system.

For example: the absorption of Anandamide, a compound associated with regulating pain, is inhibited by CBD. This means that increased levels of Anandamide in the bloodstream may reduce the amount of pain a person feels.

The Cannabidiol contained in CBD Oil may also limit inflammation in the brain and nervous system. As inflammation is a major cause of problems with brain function, research continues on how CBD may help.

Hemp vs Marijuana

Plant TypeSpeciesTHC ContentPsychoactive? (Does it give you a "high"?)How it is grown?Uses
CannabisHempLow THC (<0.3%)NoRequires minimum care. Adaptable to grow in most climates, including USA and EuropeCars, body care, clothing, construction, food, food supplement, plastic, etc.
CannabisMarijuanaHigh THC (5% - 35%)YesGrown in carefully controlled atmosphere and temperature Medical and recreational use

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